Ana Néri
Art by Pale Yellow Daisy (tumblr)
Ana is considered the first Brazilian nurse.  When the Paraguayan War broke out and her three sons were called to serve, Ana volunteered as a nurse for the Triple Alliance.  For the first time in her life, Ana left her home province of Bahia to work in hospitals in Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay.  She used her own wealth to help fund medical services and adopted four orphans.
After the war, Ana was given civilian honors and a government pension.  When the first Brazilian nursing school was founded in 1929, it was named in her honor.

Ana Néri

Art by Pale Yellow Daisy (tumblr)

Ana is considered the first Brazilian nurse.  When the Paraguayan War broke out and her three sons were called to serve, Ana volunteered as a nurse for the Triple Alliance.  For the first time in her life, Ana left her home province of Bahia to work in hospitals in Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay.  She used her own wealth to help fund medical services and adopted four orphans.

After the war, Ana was given civilian honors and a government pension.  When the first Brazilian nursing school was founded in 1929, it was named in her honor.

mallhistories:


The DC Latino Festival first began in 1970 as a neighborhood celebration of the diverse Latino community within Washington. Growing each year, the Festival moved to the Mall in 1989 and has also been held on Pennsylvania Avenue. Today the festival, also called “Fiesta DC,” is a large event featuring a parade and pavilions for arts and crafts, education, food, and embassy representatives.

Learn more at Histories of the National Mall.

mallhistories:

The DC Latino Festival first began in 1970 as a neighborhood celebration of the diverse Latino community within Washington. Growing each year, the Festival moved to the Mall in 1989 and has also been held on Pennsylvania Avenue. Today the festival, also called “Fiesta DC,” is a large event featuring a parade and pavilions for arts and crafts, education, food, and embassy representatives.

Learn more at Histories of the National Mall.

sweorghistory:

Society of Women Engineers Detroit Section members at the 1952 Centennial of Engineering joint convention of the Western Society of Engineers and the Society of Women Engineers in Chicago, Illinois.
Image ID: AV10308

sweorghistory:

Society of Women Engineers Detroit Section members at the 1952 Centennial of Engineering joint convention of the Western Society of Engineers and the Society of Women Engineers in Chicago, Illinois.

Image ID: AV10308

(Source: reuther.wayne.edu)

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Miss America Pageant 

Society of Women Engineers: Donate

Patsy Mink Foundation: Donate

Rankin Foundation: Donate

Leona Vicario (1789-1842)
Art by Tiny Tarakeet (tumblr)
A wealthy and connected young woman, Leona served as an organizer in Mexico’s independence movement.  She collected intelligence, conveyed messages, and provided financial support to the rebels.  Jailed twice by the royalists, Leona refused to give up the cause.  She and her husband Andrés Quintana Roo spent years on the run and Leona gave birth to their first child in a cave.
Eventually, the rebels succeeded in creating an independent Mexico.  Lenora and Andrés became leading figures of the new country.
Leona’s profile appears on a version of the $5 Mexican coin with the words “Bicentario de la Independencia” (“Bicentennial Anniversary of Independence”).

Leona Vicario (1789-1842)

Art by Tiny Tarakeet (tumblr)

A wealthy and connected young woman, Leona served as an organizer in Mexico’s independence movement.  She collected intelligence, conveyed messages, and provided financial support to the rebels.  Jailed twice by the royalists, Leona refused to give up the cause.  She and her husband Andrés Quintana Roo spent years on the run and Leona gave birth to their first child in a cave.

Eventually, the rebels succeeded in creating an independent Mexico.  Lenora and Andrés became leading figures of the new country.

Leona’s profile appears on a version of the $5 Mexican coin with the words “Bicentario de la Independencia” (“Bicentennial Anniversary of Independence”).

Alicia Cañas Zañartu (1901-2002)
Art by Siamesa (tumblr, deviantart)
In 1935, Alicia Cañas Zañartu was elected mayor of Providencia, a suburb of Santiago, Chile.  This was the first time in Chilean history a woman was elected to public office and the first time a woman was elected mayor of any Latin American city.  At the time, Chilean women were able to vote in municipal elections only, full suffrage did not come until 1949.
Alicia’s major achievement during her two terms as mayor was the remodeling Providencia.  Under Alicia’s leadership, parks were build, avenues were expanded, and the sewer system was updated.  Inspired by her Parisian childhood, Alicia commissioned the construction of Mercado Municipal de Providencia, a European-style public market.  
Shortly before her death at the age of 100, Alicia was given a medal by the city and a plaza was renamed in her honor.

Alicia Cañas Zañartu (1901-2002)

Art by Siamesa (tumblr, deviantart)

In 1935, Alicia Cañas Zañartu was elected mayor of Providencia, a suburb of Santiago, Chile.  This was the first time in Chilean history a woman was elected to public office and the first time a woman was elected mayor of any Latin American city.  At the time, Chilean women were able to vote in municipal elections only, full suffrage did not come until 1949.

Alicia’s major achievement during her two terms as mayor was the remodeling Providencia.  Under Alicia’s leadership, parks were build, avenues were expanded, and the sewer system was updated.  Inspired by her Parisian childhood, Alicia commissioned the construction of Mercado Municipal de Providencia, a European-style public market.  

Shortly before her death at the age of 100, Alicia was given a medal by the city and a plaza was renamed in her honor.

The award is named after Pura Belpré, the first Latina librarian at the New York Public Library. The Pura Belpré Award, established in 1996, is presented annually to a Latino/Latina writer and illustrator whose work best portrays, affirms, and celebrates the Latino cultural experience in an outstanding work of literature for children and youth

Great list for parents, librarians, and educators.

Pura Belpré was born in Puetro Rico around the turn of the century.  In 1921, she joined the staff of the New York Public Library where she pioneered library outreach to the Latino community.  She was the first Puetro Rican employed by the New York City Public Library.  Working at the 110th Street and 115th Street branches, Pura instituted bilingual story hours and made the local library a cultural resource for the Latino community in Spanish Harlem.  She also wrote stories for children.

Chilean women vote in a municipal election, 1945.
Chile granted women the right to vote in municipal elections in 1931.  Chilean women achieved full suffrage in 1949.

Chilean women vote in a municipal election, 1945.

Chile granted women the right to vote in municipal elections in 1931.  Chilean women achieved full suffrage in 1949.

Margot Taule
Art by General 01 (tumblr)
The first woman to qualify as an architect or engineer in the Dominican Republic. 

Margot Taule

Art by General 01 (tumblr)

The first woman to qualify as an architect or engineer in the Dominican Republic. 

Hispanic Heritage Month

September 15 - October 15

Images from past posts: Juana BrionesJuana Azurduy de Padilla / Dolores Elizabeth “Lola” Chávez de Armijo / Manuela Beltrán

First female doctor by country?

Making a complete list is surprisingly difficult, considering that this information is probably known locally.  Below is an incomplete list by country.  

If you can add to the list, please use the answer function to write the woman’s name and country.  

Canada: Jennie Trout/Emily Stowe

Colombia: Anna Galvis Hotz

Ecuador: Matilde Hidalgo de Procel 

Egypt: Merit-Ptah 

Germany: Dorothea Erxleben

France: Madeleine Brès, but pre-modern women such as Magistra Hersend also practiced medicine.

Italy: Unknown, women qualified as physicians in the Middle Ages 12

India: Anandi Gopal Joshi, followed closely by Kadambini Ganguly

Korea: Jang Geum 

Peru: Laura Rodriguez Dulanto 

Philippines: Honoria Acosta-Sison

Russia: Nadezhda Suslova

Sweden: Lovisa Årberg

UK: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

USA: Elizabeth Blackwell

usnatarchives:

"Jenny on the Job" was a series of posters issued by the Public Health Services in 1943 created by artist Kula Robbins. This specific poster is titled "Jenny on the Job - Wears styles designed for victory", depicting what women working in the factories and around machines were expected to wear. In today’s Pieces of History post, you can read more about how women’s pivotal role in the workforce during WWII greatly influence the fashion trends of the decade. National Archives Identifier: 514684.

usnatarchives:

"Jenny on the Job" was a series of posters issued by the Public Health Services in 1943 created by artist Kula Robbins. This specific poster is titled "Jenny on the Job - Wears styles designed for victory", depicting what women working in the factories and around machines were expected to wear. In today’s Pieces of History post, you can read more about how women’s pivotal role in the workforce during WWII greatly influence the fashion trends of the decade. National Archives Identifier: 514684.

Native American women from history?

Suggestions welcome, just keep in mind this is a history blog so dead women are strongly preferred.  

All Cool Native American Chicks from History posts

And that’s all for the Cool Medieval Chicks from History

You can see all the medieval posts here.

And all the Draw a Cool Chick from History posts here.

Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373)
Art by Anonymous
Bridget was the daughter of a prominent and wealthy Swedish family.  She married at age 14 and bore eight children, one of whom became St. Catherine of Vadstena.  As a wife and mother, Bridget was known for her charity and compassion.  After the death of her husband in 1344, she took the veil and founded the Bridgettine order of nuns and monks.  As shown above, the Bridgettine sisters wear a headdress called the “Crown of the Five Holy Wounds” with five red stones to symbolize the Five Wounds of Christ on the Cross.
Bridget left Sweden in 1349 to obtain Papal approval for her order.  She spent most of the rest of her life in Rome where she became known for her good works.  In the last year of her life, she went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.  Bridget died in 1373 in Rome, she never returned to Sweden.

Bridget is the patron saint of Sweden and one of six patron saints of Europe.  Her feast day is July 23.

Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373)

Art by Anonymous

Bridget was the daughter of a prominent and wealthy Swedish family.  She married at age 14 and bore eight children, one of whom became St. Catherine of Vadstena.  As a wife and mother, Bridget was known for her charity and compassion.  After the death of her husband in 1344, she took the veil and founded the Bridgettine order of nuns and monks.  As shown above, the Bridgettine sisters wear a headdress called the “Crown of the Five Holy Wounds” with five red stones to symbolize the Five Wounds of Christ on the Cross.

Bridget left Sweden in 1349 to obtain Papal approval for her order.  She spent most of the rest of her life in Rome where she became known for her good works.  In the last year of her life, she went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.  Bridget died in 1373 in Rome, she never returned to Sweden.

Bridget is the patron saint of Sweden and one of six patron saints of Europe.  Her feast day is July 23.