Glory of the Morning
Art by Natalie Nelson (tumblr)
Glory of the Morning or Ho-poe-kaw is the only known female chief of the Ho-Chunk. She was elected chief after the death of her father when she was 18 (circa 1727). She married Sabrevoir Descaris, a French solider turned fur trader. The couple had three children, but the marriage dissolved within a few years and her husband returned to Quebec with the couple’s only daughter.
Glory of the Morning sided with the French during the French and Indian War (the North American theater of the Seven Years War), as did her ex-husband. Sabrevoir was wounded during the Battle of Sainte-Foy and died soon after, but Glory of the Morning not only survived the war, she managed to maintain good relations with the British victors. Her exact tenure as chief is unknown, but she remained chief until at least 1766 when a British soldier recorded his visit with her.
Glory of the Morning’s two sons eventually succeeded her as chief. Her daughter remained in Quebec and married a trader. Glory of the Morning’s descendants include several prominent Ho-Chunk leaders such as Waukon Decorah (an alternate form of Descaris).