Washington DC suffrage parade
March 3, 1913
The program (available in its entirety via the Library of Congress) includes biographies of the women who were involved in planning the parade or led sections of the parade. Many of these women are identified solely by their husband’s name. Mrs. John Breckenridge Newman is described as “the second American woman to be appointed to a position outside the United States,” yet her first name is never given.
Some were listed by their husband’s name with a note giving their first name and maiden name. For example, Mrs. A. H. Van Buren who organized the actress’s section “is sometimes called by her own name of Dorothy Bernard.” In fact, Dorothy appeared in 93 films between 1908 and 1956 and would have been better known by her own name. In 1913 alone, she had six films debut.
Other married women were listed by their own first names, including both famous activists such as Carrie Chapman Catt and women who were likely well known only in their community such as society matron Emma S. Tenney.